A popular formulation uses a product-rule for nutrient uptake, which we compare with that on the basis of synthesizing units. We first fit different nutrient uptake models to a dataset and conclude that the quantitative differences between the models are small. Then we study the sensitivity of phytoplankton growth and zooplankton-phytoplankton interactions (ZPi) models to uptake formulations. Two population models are compared; they are based on different assumptions on the relation between nutrient uptake and phytoplankton growth. We find that the population and community
models are sensitive to uptake formulations. According to the uptake formulation GDC-0941 chemical structure used in the ZPi models, qualitative differences can be observed. Indeed, although two models based on functions with similar shapes have close equilibria, these can differ in stability properties. Since stability involves the derivatives buy GSK2879552 of formulas, even if two formulas provide close values, large numerical differences in the stability criterion may occur after derivation. We conclude that mechanistic details can be of importance for community modelling.”
properties of (011) [Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O-3]((1-x))-[PbTiO3](x) (PMN-PT, x approximate to 0.32) single crystals with focus on piezoelectric strain response were reported. Two giant reversible and stable remanent strain states and tunable remanent strain properties CBL0137 are achieved by properly reversing the electric field from the depolarized
direction. The unique piezoelectric strain response, especially along the  direction, mainly stems from the non-180 degrees ferroelectric polarization reorientation in the rhombohedral phase crystal structure. Such giant strain hysteresis with tunable remanent strain properties may be useful for magnetoelectric based memory devices as well as a potential candidate for other applications. (c) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3595670]“
“Jatropha curcas is a multi-purpose plant species, with many advantages for biodiesel production. Its potential oil productivity is 1.9 t/ha, beginning the fourth year after planting. Nevertheless, limitations such as high harvest cost, lack of scientific konowledge and low profitability have prevented it from being utilized commercially. In order to provide information that could be useful to improve the status of this species as a bioenergy plant, we elucidated the center of origin and the center of domestication of J. curcas (Mexico). Evidence of the antiquity of knowledge of J. curcas by Olmeca people, who lived 3500-5000 years ago, reinforces its Mexican origin. The existence of non-toxic types, which only exist in that country, along with DNA studies, also strongly suggest that Mexico is the domestication center of this species. In Brazil, the Northern region of Minas Gerais State presents types with the highest oil content.