J Occup Environ Med 46:1123–113

J Occup Environ Med 46:1123–1133CrossRef van Rhenen W, van Dijk FJ, selleck chemical Schaufeli WB, Blonk RW (2008) Distress or no distress, that’s the question: A cutoff point for distress in a working SRT2104 solubility dmso population. J Occup Med Toxicol 3:3CrossRef Virtanen M, Pentti J, Vahtera

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Risk of affective and stress related disorders among employees in human service professions. Occup Environ Med 63:314–319CrossRef Willis GB (2005) Cognitive interviewing in practice: think-aloud, verbal probing and other techniques; in cognitive interviewing: a tool for improving questionnaire design. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp 42–63 Yassi A, Hancock T (2005) Patient safety–worker safety: building a culture of safety to improve healthcare worker and patient well-being. Healthc find more Q 8 Spec No: 32–38″
“Introduction The assessment of whether an employee is able to participate in work is complex (Slebus et al. 2007). According to the World Health Organizations’ International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF), participation depends on the following five components: disease and disorder, functions and structures, activities, environmental factors, and personal factors (WHO 2001). In case of a disease or disorder, the assessment of whether or not a patient

is able to work is often performed by physicians and is traditionally based on legislation, administrative rules, and the physicians’ expertise (De Boer et al. 2009). Casein kinase 1 These assessments are performed for return-to-work decisions and for disability claim assessments. For most physicians, these assessments consist of a comparison between the work ability of a patient and the required demands of a job (Söderberg and Alexanderson 2005; Slebus et al. 2007). Where the work ability matches the job, a person is considered to be able to participate in work. Since there are few instruments available to support physicians in these assessments, it is not surprising that the reliability—a major indicator of an instrument’s measurement quality—of these assessments performed by physicians specifically trained for these tasks varied between “poor” and “good” (Brouwer et al. 2003; Spanjer et al. 2010; Slebus et al. 2010). For the assessment of work ability in patients with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), reliable questionnaires and performance-based measures are available (Wind et al. 2005).

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