We thus studied the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy o

We thus studied the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on promoting lymphangiogenesis and improving secondary lymphedema.

Methods: A rabbit ear model of lymphedema

was created by disruption of lymphatic vessels. Two weeks after surgery, the lymphedematous ear was treated with or without low-energy shock waves (0.09 mJ/mm(2), 200 shots), three times per week for 4 weeks.

Results: Western blot analysis showed that the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C (1.23-fold, P <.05) and VEGF receptor 3 (VEGFR3; 1.53-fold, P <.05) was significantly increased in the ears treated with shock wave than in the untreated lymphedematous ears. Compared with the control group, shock wave treatment led to a significant decrease in the thickness of lymphedematous ears (3.80 +/- 0.25 mm vs 4.54 +/- 0.18 mm, P <.05). Immunohistochemistry for WZB117 ic50 VEGFR3 showed the density of lymphatic vessels was significantly increased by shock wave treatment (P <.05).


Extracorporeal shock wave therapy promotes lymphangiogenesis and ameliorates secondary lymphedema, suggesting that extracorporeal shock wave therapy may be a novel, feasible, effective, and noninvasive treatment for lymphedema. (J Vase Surg 2010;52:429-34.)

Clinical Relevance: Therapeutic options for lymphedema are currently limited to supportive treatment. Thus, it is desirable to develop a curative treatment for lymphedema. The findings of the present study suggest that extracorporeal shock wave therapy is effective in treating click here lymphedema. Further clinical trials are required to confirm the efficiency of this therapy.”

results when a growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma is present before epiphyseal fusion. In 1909, when Harvey Cushing examined the skeleton of an Irish patient who lived from 1761 to 1783, *RF 1-3* he noted an enlarged pituitary fossa. We extracted DNA from the patient’s teeth and identified a germline mutation in the aryl hydrocarbon-interacting protein gene (AIP). Four contemporary Northern Irish families who presented with gigantism, acromegaly, or prolactinoma this website have the same mutation and haplotype associated with the mutated gene. Using coalescent theory, we infer that these persons share a common ancestor who lived about 57 to 66 generations earlier.”
“Introduction: Hypothermia is widely used to mediate ischemia-reperfusion injury associated with repair of the thoracoabdominal aorta. Experiments were designed in a murine model of thoracic aortic ischemia-reperfusion (TAR) to evaluate the effect of moderate systemic hypothermia on neurologic function, spinal cord morphology, and indices of inflammation in critical organs.

Methods: C57BL/6 mice were subjected to TAR under hypothermic (34 degrees C) or normothermic (38 degrees C) conditions, followed by 24 or 48 hours of normothermic reperfusion. Neurologic functions were assessed during reperfusion.

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