For 3H-thymidine incorporation, 1 μCi 3H-thymidine (Amersham) was

For 3H-thymidine incorporation, 1 μCi 3H-thymidine (Amersham) was added after 24 h and cells proliferated for another 18 h. For transwell assays (0.4 μm pores, Sigma-Aldrich), either 3 × 105 CFSE-labeled splenocytes were in plate wells and 3 × 105 MDSCs in transwell SB203580 in vitro inserts; or splenocytes were in plate wells and MDSCs + splenocytes (1:1) in transwell inserts. After 42 h, proliferation of T-cells in the plate wells was measured. Fas-agonistic Jo2 or control mAb (1 μg/mL) (BD Biosciences) were added to cultures after 18 h. After another 24 h, apoptosis was determined using 7-amino-actinomycin and AnnexinV staining (BD Bioscience). IFN-γ and IL-2 were quantified

using sandwich ELISAs (PharMingen), IL-12p70 by the Bio-plex ProTM kit (Bio-Rad) on the Bioplex 200 system (Bio-Rad). NO2− was measured using Greiss reagent as described [43]. Ninety-six-well microtiter plates (Nunc) were coated overnight (4°C) with HA (50

μg/mL) (Sigma-Aldrich), P-selectin-IgG (BD Pharmingen), or control IgG (10 μg/mL). Wells were blocked with 1% dry milk (2 h, 37°C). DiD-labeled CD8+ OT-1 T cells were resuspended in appropriate binding buffer (P-selectin-binding: IMDM + 2% FCS; HA-binding: RPMI1640, 40 mM Hepes, 0.1% BSA, 2 mM MgCl2), added to the plates, subjected to a short spin, and incubated (30 min, 37°C). Nonadherent cells this website were removed by gentle washing. Bound cells were quantified by a FLUOstar OPTIMA fluorescence plate reader (BMG Labtech). Cytotoxicity of CD8+ T cells was tested using a 4-h 51Cr-release assay. Spontaneous lysis was measured by incubating target cells only with medium, maximal lysis by incubating with 10% saponin. This work was supported

by a doctoral grant from FWO-Vlaanderen to E.S. and K.M., by a doctoral grant from IWT-Vlaanderen to D.L. and Y.M., and by research grants from “Stichting tegen Kanker” and “Vlaamse Liga tegen Kanker” to P.D.B. and J.A.V.G. The authors also thank Ella Omasta, Marie-Thérèse Detobel, Maria Slazak, Nadia Abou, and Eddy Vercauteren for technical and administrative assistance. The authors declare no financial Tyrosine-protein kinase BLK or commercial conflict of interest. As a service to our authors and readers, this journal provides supporting information supplied by the authors. Such materials are peer reviewed and may be re-organized for online delivery, but are not copy-edited or typeset. Technical support issues arising from supporting information (other than missing files) should be addressed to the authors. Table S1. Overview of the effects of MO- and PMN-MDSCs on various aspects of CD8+ T-cell activation. Table S2. List of commercial antibodies used for flow cytometry Figure S1. MO- and PMN-MDSCs were purified from the spleens of EG7-OVA tumor-bearing WT, IFN-γR-/-, STAT-1-/- and IRF-1-/- mice. Figure S2. MO- and PMN-MDSCs differentially depend on IFN-γ, STAT-1 and IRF-1 to activate their anti-proliferative capacity. Figure S3.

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