Design: In a controlled study, we randomly assigned 112 older sub

Design: In a controlled study, we randomly assigned 112 older subjects with diabetes or >= 3 CVD risk factors to 3 dietary intervention groups: Med-Diet with supplemental virgin olive oil (VOO), Med-Diet with supplemental nuts, and low-fat diet. Changes from baseline in cellular and serum inflammatory biomarkers were assessed at 3 mo.

Results: One hundred six participants (43% women; average age: 68 y) completed the study. At 3 mo, monocyte expression of CD49d, an adhesion molecule crucial for leukocyte

homing, and of CD40, a proinflammatory ligand, decreased (P < 0.05) after both Med-Diets but not after the low-fat diet. Serum interleukin-6 and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, inflammatory learn more mediators crucial in firm adhesion of leukocytes to endothelial surfaces, decreased (P, 0.05) in both Med-Diet groups. Soluble vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1 and C-reactive protein decreased only after the Med-Diet with VOO (P < 0.05), whereas interleukin-6, soluble vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1, and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 increased (P < 0.05) after the low-fat diet.

Conclusions: Med-Diets supplemented with VOO or nuts down-regulate cellular and circulating inflammatory biomarkers related to atherogenesis in subjects at high risk of CVD. The results support the recommendation of the Med-Diet as a useful tool against CVD. Am J Clin Nutr 2009;

89: 248-56.”
“The effects of induced mutation produced by five different doses of gamma irradiation (20, 25, 30, 40, and 45 Gy) Ro-3306 cost were determined using molecular approaches in Vitis vinifera cultivars, namely Thompson Seedless (Sultani Cekirdeksiz) (progenitor of seedless vinifera variety) and Kalecik Karasi (one of the CP-868596 nmr best quality wine grape variety of Turkey). Mutant candidates were selected through morphological observations of mutation-induced phenotypic changes during the first, second and third vegetation periods after radiation applications. Amplification studies started with 50 primers (expressed sequence tags) applied to the mutated

individuals. Only 15 of these primers revealed polymorphic profiles. Twenty-two candidate mutants of Thompson Seedless and Kalecik Karasi, selected based on morphological observations, were analyzed with 15 single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) markers, together with 46 control plants. Polymorphic bands were rarely obtained in the SSCP analysis, and they were not reproducible.”
“Objective-To examine outcome data for cats and dogs with congenital internal hydrocephalus following treatment via ventriculoperitoneal shunting to determine treatment-associated changes in neurologic signs, the nature and incidence of postoperative complications, and survival time.

Design-Retrospective multicenter case series.

Animals-30 dogs and 6 cats with congenital internal hydrocephalus (confirmed via CT or MRI).

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