Serum triglyceride and linoleic acid (omega-6) levels were decrea

Serum triglyceride and linoleic acid (omega-6) levels were decreased in the low fat group (p = BAY 11-7082 datasheet 0.034 and 0.005, respectively). Correlation analysis revealed that decreased omega-6 and increased omega-3 fatty

acid correlated with decreased serum stimulated LNCaP cell growth (r = 0.64, p = 0.004 and r = -0.49, p = 0.04, respectively).

Conclusions: In this prospective, randomized dietary intervention trial a low fat diet resulted in changes in serum fatty acid levels that were associated with decreased human LNCaP cancer cell growth. Further prospective trials are indicated to evaluate the potential of low fat diets for prostate cancer prevention and treatment.”
“Recently, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP, A -> G) in intron 8 of UBQLN 1 at the rs12344615 site (UBQ-8i) on chromosome 9q22 was associated with a higher risk of late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Here, we aimed to investigate whether an association exists between the UBQ-8i polymorphism and AD in Taiwan Chinese. Initially, we included 100 late-onset AD patients and 100 gender- and age-matched non-demented (ND) control participants. The UBQ-8i polymorphism site was successfully determined in 91 AD and 96 ND individuals using the dye terminator nucleotide sequencing technique. Among the

187 participants, we did not detect any subject carrying the G allele. This finding is in agreement with the report listed in the NCBI SNP Reference Assembly, which states that <1% of Asians carry this SNP. The APOE epsilon 4 allele, selleck inhibitor an established AD genetic risk factor, was overrepresented in the AD BTSA1 solubility dmso cohort. We conclude from these results that the UBQ-8i polymorphism of the UBQLN1 gene is extremely rare in Taiwan Chinese and unlikely to play a significant role in the risk of AD in Taiwan Chinese. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”

Cyclophosphamide induced cystitis is an established model for the study of bladder injury and wound healing. Glycosylation is an important modification mechanism that regulates the structure and function of secreted proteins and growth factors from inflammation sites. We determined the effect of cyclophosphamide induced cystitis on O-GlcNAc mediated glycosylation in the bladder.

Materials and Methods: Cystitis in WT C57BL6 mice was induced with intraperitoneal cyclophosphamide. Retrieved bladders were analyzed using histology, immunchistochemistry, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot for glycosylation associated factors.

Results: Acute bladder injury was seen up to 168 hours (7 days) after injection. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction revealed down-regulation of O-GlcNAc transferase, a key enzyme in O-GlcNAc mediated glycosylation, at the 8, 48 and 168-hour time points. Also, the glycosidase menangioma expressed antigen 5 was up-regulated at similar time points.

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