8 years (ranging 2.4–6.6 years). The preoperative Harris Hip score (HHS) in the patients with arterial blood supply insufficiency was 48.18 ± 7.81 and the postoperative HHS was 93.27 ± 3.03. The preoperative HHS in the patients with venous stasis was 44.04 ± 6.40, and the postoperative HHS 92.65 ± 2.93. The postoperative DSA showed an improved perfusion of the femoral
head in 44 hips. Our experience showed that DSA would help to select the appropriate procedure for treatment of ONFH in the early stage. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery 33:656–659, 2013. “
“The correlation between calcium ion (Ca2+) concentration and electrophysiological Y-27632 recovery in crushed peripheral nerves has not been studied. Observing and quantifying the Ca2+ intensity in live normal and crushed peripheral nerves was performed using a novel microfine tearing technique and Calcium Green-1 Acetoxymethyl ester stain, a fluorescent Ca2+ indicator. Ca2+ was shown to be homogeneously distributed in the myelinated sheaths. After a crush
Selleck Anti-infection Compound Library injury, there was significant stasis in the injured zone and the portion distal to the injury. The Ca2+ has been almost completely absorbed after 24 weeks in the injured nerve to be similar to the controls. The process of the calcium absorption was correlated with the Compound Muscle Action Potential recovery process of the injured nerves. This correlation was statistically significant (r = −0.81, P < 0.05). The better understanding of this process will help us to improve
nerve regeneration after peripheral nerve injury. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Microsurgery, 2010. “
“Rodent models are used extensively for studying nerve regeneration, but little is known about how sprouting and pruning influence peripheral nerve fiber counts and motor neuron pools. The purpose of this study was to identify fluctuations in nerve regeneration and neuronal survival over time. One hundred and forty-four Lewis rats were randomized to end-to-end repair or nerve grafting (1.5 cm graft) after sciatic nerve transection. Quantitative histomorphometry and retrograde labeling of motor neurons were performed at 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months and PtdIns(3,4)P2 supplemented by electron microscopy. Fiber counts and motor neuron counts increased between 1 and 3 months, followed by plateau. End-to-end repair resulted in persistently higher fiber counts compared to the grafting for all time points (P < 0.05). Percent neural tissue and myelin width increased with time while fibrin debris dissipated. In conclusion, these data detail the natural history of regeneration and demonstrate that overall fiber counts may remain stable despite pruning. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery, 2012. "
“Complete loss of free latissimus dorsi muscle flaps to the leg is frequently reported. The purpose of this study is to analyze the outcome of latissimus dorsi muscle flaps to the lower extremity in children. Patients and methods.