The technique utilizes phase information introduced into the
MR signal from a small receive coil located on the distal tip of the catheter. Phase patterns around a small receive coil are rich in information that is directly related to position and orientation. This information can be collected over a large spherical volume with a diameter several times that of the receive coil. The high degree of redundancy yields the potential for an accurate and robust method of catheter tracking. A tracking algorithm is presented that performs catheter tip localization using phase images acquired in two orthogonal planes without any a priori knowledge of catheter position. Associated experimentation demonstrating feasibility Y-27632 datasheet is also presented.”
“The vascularized iliac osteocutaneous flap has been used successfully for jaw reconstruction. To obtain a better contour of the reconstructed AZD9291 area in large upper and lower jaw resections, the transferred bone actually needs to be osteotomized. Single
closing-wedge osteotomy of the iliac flap for mandibular reconstruction has been previously described. In this article, the modified multiple osteotomized perforator-based versatile free iliac osteocutaneous flap is described. Eleven cases were enrolled. Seven patients had wide anterior mandibular resections due to oral cavity and mandibular tumors; 3 patients had a defect due to explosive injury and 1 patient had complicated orbitomaxillary defect due to blast injury. Skin paddle was based on the perforators. In 8 patients, the bony segment was divided into 3 segments by 2 osteotomies, whereas in 2 patients the bony segment was divided into 4 segments by 3 osteotomies. In 10 cases, the flap was used for anterior mandibular defects, whereas in 1 case the flap was customized to fit an L-shaped defect at the naso-orbito-maxillary region. The overall flap success rate was 100%. No resorption or morbidity related
to the osteotomy of the bony segments was observed. The size of perforator skin paddle was 6 to 8 x 15 to 18 cm. Physical and radiologic examinations showed proper bone IWR-1-endo manufacturer healing without any additional complications. The modified multiple osteotomized free osteocutaneous iliac flap can provide a safe and versatile bony segment to be arranged and adapted to reconstruct complex mandibular and maxillofacial defects.”
“Persistent left superior vena cava is known to be associated with cor triatriatum. The persistent left superior vena cava drains into a dilated coronary sinus and can cause left atrial outflow obstruction by impinging on the posterior wall of the left atrium. Residual obstruction can persist, even after surgical resection of the cor triatriatum membrane. We describe a novel surgical treatment in a patient with cor triatriatum and persistent left superior vena cava.